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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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of the pro-Fascist policy of rapprochement with Germany of the Polish
Government and its Minister, Beck, who tried to oppose Poland to the
Soviet Union.
fc If the present war teaches us something, it is above all that the Slav peoples
must not quarrel among themselves, but must live in friendship in order to
rid themselves of the danger of the German yoke. The Polish ruling circles
have learned nothing if they put forward claims to the Ukrainian and
White Ruthenian lands, and thereby cultivate an enmity between the Polish
people and the peoples of the Ukraine and White Ruthenia. Such a policy
of the Polish leading circles weakens in the first place Poland herself, and
breaks the united front of the Slav peoples in their struggle against German
cc The Declaration of the Polish Government bears witness to the fact
that the present Polish ruling circles do not reflect in this matter the genuine
opinion of the Polish people, whose interests in the struggle for the liberation
of their country and for the restoration of a strong and united Poland are
indissolubly linked with the strengthening to the utmost of mutual confidence
and friendship with the brotherly peoples of the Ukraine and White
Ruthenia, as well as with the Russian people and the other peoples of the
The most pregnant feature of this Statement was its direct attack on
the Polish Government, " the Polish ruling circles " who " do not reflect
in this matter " (the statement was referring to Eastern Poland) ce the
genuine opinion of the Polish people." The * leading Soviet circles'
were therefore opposing the c Polish ruling circles * to the c Polish people/
whose genuine opinion, they, the Great Russians of Moscow, despite
having no connection with Poland, presumed to know better than the
Polish Government themselves.*
This statement enlarged on the text of the Note of January 16, re-
ferring to Eastern Poland and showed a complete reversal of the actual
facts. It presented the Polish Government as claiming foreign terri-
tories (i.e., Poland's own) and of revealing thereby an * imperialist ten-
dency.' The name of Lord Cttrzon had no bearing on this matteró
* A few months later a similar case arose when Moscow, in the official newspaper
War and the Working Class, (September 19th) expressed views which led one to
suppose that she was better acquainted with English reality than the British them-
** Even, in the first stage of the world war/* War and the Working Class had
written, " in 1939 and 1940, before the character of the War was definitely estab-
lished* wide masses of English workmen maintained a more or less critical waiting
attitude towards the war and defended in the factories only their immediate inter-
ests. But after Hitler extended his aggression to the U.S.S.R., and the Anglo-
Soviet Treaty had been concluded, the English workmen began to support the
English war effort."
Eden replied to this in the Commons on September 29th:
" When I read that/* Eden commented," there came to my mind the story of the
E>uke of Wellington. Somebody came up to him and said: * Air. Smith, I
think/ and the Duke replied, * Siraif you believe that you will believe anything. "
" Those were my sentiments on reading that article. It does not represent
the spirit there was in this country in the Battle of Britain and in 1940. It is true
of that small section in this country which is represented by the Communist Party.
But it would be a mistake to give that an importance it does not possess/*